.NET8 Developer Roadmap for 2024

.NET8 Developer Roadmap for 2024

28 May 2024
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.NET8 Developer Roadmap for 2024: An Overview

.NET is an ever-evolving framework developed by Microsoft. This powerful open-source development platform has been driving the software industry for years. With every release of a new version, the technocrats become empowered to build more powerful, efficient, and secure applications. Since its inception, the .NET framework has announced seven releases, each with a new set of enhancements.

In this .NET Tutorial, we will look at the .net8 roadmap for aspiring .NET/C# developers.

1. Understanding .NET and its Ecosystem

Before getting into the specifics, it’s crucial to have a deep understanding of the .NET ecosystem and its various components. Let's explore the key aspects of .NET and its related technologies.

.NET8 Framework

.NET 8 is a free, cross-platform, and open-source programming framework that enables the development of various web, mobile, and cloud computing applications. It's not only a framework version but much more than that. It redefines how software applications are built and deployed, enabling developers to meet the evolving demands of modern computing.

It offers enhanced performance, improved diagnostic and observability, expanded cross-platform support, advanced tooling and integration, long-term support (LTS), and much more. The .NET Framework supports a variety of programming languages, including C#, VB.NET, and F#.

.NET Core8

It is a modular, lightweight, and high-performance version of the .NET Framework, designed to support modern application development scenarios such as microservices, containerization, and cloud-based deployment. .NET Core is compatible with multiple operating systems, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

ASP.NET8 and ASP.NET Core8

ASP.NET is a web development platform, which provides a programming model, a comprehensive software infrastructure, and various services required to build up robust web applications for PC and mobile devices. It works on top of the HTTP protocol and uses the HTTP commands and policies to set a browser-to-server bilateral communication and cooperation.

ASP.NET Core is a web framework for building modern Web Applications and APIs. Its major characteristics include MVC (Model-View-Controller), Razor Pages, SignalR (real-time communication), and middleware for request processing. ASP.NET Core Open-Source and cross-platform version of ASP.NET, designed to run on top of the .NET Core Platform. It offers improved performance, modularity, and modern web development practices support.

You need to understand the ASP.NET Core request pipeline, middleware, and filters, dependency injection using built-in Service Container methods, exception handling and error logging, etc.

Read More - Dot Net Interview Questions

2. Mastering C# and .NET Fundamentals

C# is a modern, object-oriented programming language developed by Microsoft. It was first introduced in 2002 as part of Microsoft’s .NET framework. It is a simple, powerful, and type-safe programming language used to build desktop, web, game, and mobile applications. It supports both static and dynamic typing. It is a very versatile programming language that is continuously evolving. Therefore, a .NET or a C# developer must remain up to date with the changes.

C# Language Features

  • Variables, data types, and operators
  • Control flow (conditionals, loops)
  • Object-oriented programming (classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism)
  • Exception handling
  • Delegates and events
  • Generics
  • LINQ (Language Integrated Query)
  • Async and await for asynchronous programming

NET Libraries and APIs

.NET provides a rich set of libraries and APIs for various tasks, such as:

  • Collections and data structures
  • File I/O and serialization
  • Networking and web requests
  • Threading and task parallelism
  • Security and cryptography

Getting a hold of these libraries and APIs will enable you to write efficient and maintainable code in your .NET applications.

3. Data Access with Entity Framework and Entity Framework Core

Data access is a critical aspect of application development, and Entity Framework (EF) simplifies this process for .NET developers. Let's look at how to work with databases using EF and EF Core.

Database Fundamentals

You must have a fundamental clearance of the concepts related to databases like the various operations performed on them.

  • SQL and relational database concepts (tables, columns, rows, keys, indexes, and relationships)
  • CRUD operations (Create, Read, Update, Delete)
  • Joins, transactions, and stored procedures

Working with Entity Framework

Entity Framework (EF) simplifies data access in .NET applications by allowing developers to work with databases using objects and LINQ queries. Key concepts to learn when working with EF include:

  • DbContext and DbSet for managing database connections and querying data
  • Code-First and Database-First approaches for defining data models
  • Migrations for managing database schema changes
  • Querying data using LINQ and raw SQL
  • Tracking changes and saving data

Entity Framework Core

Entity Framework Core (EF Core) is the lightweight, high-performance version of EF designed for .NET Core applications. While there are many similarities between EF Core and EF, there are also some differences and new features like:

  • Improved performance and reduced memory usage
  • Support for new database providers and platforms
  • Simplified configuration and dependency injection
  • Global query filters and query types for advanced querying scenarios

4. Application Architecture and Design Patterns

SOLID Principles

SOLID is an acronym representing five key design principles for writing maintainable and scalable code:

  1. Single Responsibility Principle (SRP)
  2. Open/Closed Principle (OCP)
  3. Liskov Substitution Principle (LSP)
  4. Interface Segregation Principle (ISP)
  5. Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP)

Other Design Principles and Patterns

In addition to SOLID, other important design principles and patterns one must know are:

  • GOF 23 Design Pattern
  • DRY (Don’t Repeat Yourself)
  • KISS (Keep It Simple, Stupid)
  • MVC (Model-View-Controller)
  • Repository pattern
  • Unit of Work pattern

Microservices Architecture

Microservices Architecture is a method of software development, where we break down an application into small, independent, and loosely coupled services. These services are developed, deployed, and maintained by a small team of developers. These services have a separate codebase that is managed by a small team of developers. Major concepts of architecture are:

  • Cloud providers (Azure, AWS, etc.)
  • Docker and containerization
  • Kubernetes for container orchestration
  • Message buses and event-driven architecture
  • API gateways and service discovery

5. Security and Cryptography

Let's explore various security concepts and techniques relevant to .NET developers.

Authentication and Authorization

Authentication

It is the process of verifying the identity of a user, application, or system. In the context of a web application, it often involves confirming the identity of a user by checking their credentials (like username and password) against a data source (like a database). The following tools are provided by the .NET Ecosystem

Authorization

Key concepts and tools in the .NET ecosystem include:

  • Role-Based Authorization
  • Claims-Based Authorization
  • Policy-Based Authorization
  • Resource-Based Authorization

Cryptography and Data Protection

Cryptography and data protection techniques are essential to secure sensitive data in your applications. For this, some tools in the .NET ecosystem are:

  • Symmetric and asymmetric encryption algorithms
  • Hashing and digital signatures
  • Secure random number generation
  • .NET Core Data Protection APIs

6. Testing and Continuous Integration

Let's look at the various testing techniques and tools for .NET applications.

Unit Testing

Unit testing involves testing individual units of code in isolation. Key concepts and tools for unit testing in .NET include:

  • Test frameworks (xUnit, NUnit, MSTest)
  • Test runners and test explorers
  • Asserts and test attributes
  • Mocking libraries (Moq, NSubstitute, etc.)

Integration Testing and End-to-End Testing

Integration testing focuses on testing interactions between components, while end-to-end testing validates the entire application from the user’s perspective. In the .NET ecosystem, some tools and frameworks for these testing types are:

  • ASP.NET Core TestHost and TestServer for integration testing
  • Selenium and Playwright for browser-based end-to-end testing
  • SpecFlow for Behavior-Driven Development (BDD)

Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

CI/CD is the practice of automating the process of building, testing, and deploying applications. Key concepts and tools for CI/CD in the .NET ecosystem include:

  • Build and deployment tools (MSBuild, dotnet CLI)
  • Version control systems (Git, Azure DevOps)
  • CI/CD platforms (GitHub Actions, Azure Pipelines, Jenkins, TeamCity)

7. Frontend Frameworks/Libraries

8. Staying Up-to-Date with .NET and the Developer Community

It's very important to stay up-to-date with the latest trends, best practices, and technologies in the .NET ecosystem as we know that this technology is constantly evolving. For that:

  • Follow the official .NET Blog
  • Attending conferences, meetups, and webinars
  • Participating in online forums and communities (Stack Overflow, Reddit, GitHub)
  • Following industry leaders and influencers on social media
  • Regularly reading books, articles, and tutorials on .NET topics
Summary

This was all about the detailed procedure towards starting your journey in the direction of becoming a .NET Developer in 2024. For practicing the learned concepts, consider our .NET Training, ASP.NET Core Certification Training, .NET Microservices Certification Training, and Blazor Certification Training.

FAQs

Q1. What are the authentication tools provided by .NET?

Q2. What are the five key design principles in SOLID?

  1. Single Responsibility Principle (SRP)
  2. Open/Closed Principle (OCP)
  3. Liskov Substitution Principle (LSP)
  4. Interface Segregation Principle (ISP)
  5. Dependency Inversion Principle (DIP)

Q3. What is meant by Microservices Architecture?

Microservices Architecture is a method of software development, where we break down an application into small, independent, and loosely coupled services. These services are developed, deployed, and maintained by a small team of developers.

Q4. List some C# features.

  • Variables, data types, and operators
  • Control flow (conditionals, loops)
  • Object-oriented programming (classes, objects, inheritance, polymorphism)
  • Exception handling
  • Delegates and events
  • Generics
  • LINQ (Language Integrated Query)
  • Async and await for asynchronous programming

Q5. What are the topics you need to learn in Entity Framework (EF)?

  • DbContext and DbSet for managing database connections and querying data
  • Code-First and Database-First approaches for defining data models
  • Migrations for managing database schema changes
  • Querying data using LINQ and raw SQL
  • Tracking changes and saving data

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About Author
Shailendra Chauhan (Microsoft MVP, Founder & CEO at Scholarhat by DotNetTricks)

Shailendra Chauhan is the Founder and CEO at ScholarHat by DotNetTricks which is a brand when it comes to e-Learning. He provides training and consultation over an array of technologies like Cloud, .NET, Angular, React, Node, Microservices, Containers and Mobile Apps development. He has been awarded Microsoft MVP 8th time in a row (2016-2023). He has changed many lives with his writings and unique training programs. He has a number of most sought-after books to his name which has helped job aspirants in cracking tough interviews with ease.
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