Exploring Node.js Core Modules

Exploring Node.js Core Modules

01 May 2024
4 min read
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A module is a collection of JavaScript code which encapsulate related code into single unit of code. Node.js has a simple module loading system. A developer can load a JavaScript library or module into his program by using require method as given below:

var http = require('http');

Read More - Node JS Interview Questions for Experienced

Node.js Core Modules

Node.js comes with many core modules which are compiled to binary when node.js is installed. There is a list of node.js core modules with links to documentation.

Module Name
It is used by Node.js for testing itself. It can be accessed with require('assert').
It is used to perform operations on raw bytes of data which reside in memory. It can be accessed with require('buffer').
Child Process
It is used by node.js for managing child processes. It can be accessed with It can be accessed with require('child_process').
This module is used by Node.js to take advantage of multi-core systems, so that it can handle more load. It can be accessed with require('cluster').
It is used to write data to console. Node.js has a Console object which contains functions to write data to console. It can be accessed with require('console').
It is used to support cryptography for encryption and decryption. It can be accessed with require('crypto').
It is used for code debugging. To use this, start Node.js with the debug argument and for debugging add debugger; statement in your code.
It is used to perform operations like lookup and resolve on domain names. It can be accessed with require('dns').
It is used for events handling in node.js. In node.js, events are emitted by other node objects. It can be accessed with require('events').
File System
It is used to perform operations on files. It can be accessed with require('fs').
It is used to create Http server and Http client. It can be accessed with require('http').
It used to create TCP server and client which can communicate over a network using TCP protocol. It can be accessed with require('net').
It is used to provide basic operating system related utility functions. It can be accessed with require('os').
It is used to perform operations on paths of files. It can be accessed with require('path').
It is a global object and provides information related to the program execution. You do not need to load it using require() method.
Query String
It is used to deal with query strings.
It is used to stream data between two entities. It can be accessed with require('stream').
All of the timer functions are global and deals with time. You do not need to load it using require() method.
It is used for URL resolution and parsing. It can be accessed with require('url').
It is primarily designed to support the needs of Node.js's internal APIs. It is also useful for debugging. It can be accessed with require('util').
It provides an access to V8 virtual machine to compile and execute JavaScript code. It can be accessed with require('vm').
It is used to compress and decompress data. It can be accessed with require('zlib').
What do you think?

I hope you have got the name and uses of Node.js core modules. I would like to have feedback from my blog readers. Your valuable feedback, question, or comments about this article are always welcome.

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About Author
Shailendra Chauhan (Microsoft MVP, Founder & CEO at Scholarhat by DotNetTricks)

Shailendra Chauhan is the Founder and CEO at ScholarHat by DotNetTricks which is a brand when it comes to e-Learning. He provides training and consultation over an array of technologies like Cloud, .NET, Angular, React, Node, Microservices, Containers and Mobile Apps development. He has been awarded Microsoft MVP 8th time in a row (2016-2023). He has changed many lives with his writings and unique training programs. He has a number of most sought-after books to his name which has helped job aspirants in cracking tough interviews with ease.
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