Comments in Python: An Overview

Sakshi Dhameja  7 min read
27 Sep 2023

Comments in Python: An Overview

Are you ready to learn the basics of Python commenting and make your code easier to read? If so, you're in luck! Python comments are a great way to explain what a block of code is doing and how it works. Comments are an essential part of coding that not only help the programmer understand what they've coded but also other coders when they look at it. In this post, we'll take an in-depth look at commenting functions in Python, python comment, Comments in Python, Writing Comments in Python, and Multiline Comment in Python, and provide tips on making sure that your comment style is clear and concise. Let's get started!

What are Comments in Python?

  • Comments in Python are one of the most useful tools for any programmer.
  • They allow you to provide helpful information about your code and are a great way to document your work.
  • Writing comments in Python can help make code more readable and easier to debug.
  • To start a comment in Python, you must begin with a hashtag (#).
  • After the hashtag, you just have to write out whatever explanation that is going to be useful and beneficial for the Python program.
  • This can include anything from an overall goal for the Python script to step-by-step instructions on how it works.
  • Comments are also very useful when you come back to a Python script after taking a break; they give you direction on which parts of the program are still incomplete or require further debugging.
  • If employed correctly, python comments can help make Python programming much smoother and more efficient!

Types of Comments in Python

There are three types of comments in the Python programming language, those are:

  • Single line Comments
  • Multiple line comment in Python
  • Docstring Comments

Single line Comment in Python

  • Single line comment in Python is incredibly useful for providing developers with additional information about their code.
  • As single line comments take up only one line of code, they are highly effective at helping to keep programs succinct and easily understandable.
  • They have differentiated from multi-line comments thanks to their easy-to-spot starting character, the hash symbol (#).
  • When used correctly single line comments can be invaluable in increasing the readability of a program and reducing debugging time by eliminating confusion around certain lines of code.


# This is a single line comment in python
print ("Hello, World!") 

This Python code outputs "Hello, World!" to the console and contains a single-line comment denoted by the "#" symbol, which is used to add explanations or comments to the code but is disregarded when the code is executed.


Hello, World!

Multiple line Comment in Python

  • Python multiple line comments allow multiple lines to be commented out quickly and easily.
  • This helps make longer bits of code much more readable and easier to comprehend due to the fact that multiple lines of important commentary can be provided within a single comment block.
  • This is especially useful for large, complex projects with multiple developers since multiple line comments provide a space for stylistic correctness, development notes, and improvement advice.
  • In multiple line comments, lines begin with a pound sign (#) followed by the comment.
  • This type of comment requires slightly more typing than a single line comment; however, it provides much more versatility when it comes to commenting out longer segments of code.


This is a multiline
print ("Hello, World!")

This Python code includes a multiline comment that is encased in triple single quotes and acts as an explanation or documentation block while simultaneously being ignored during execution. The message "Hello, World!" is then printed to the console.


Hello, World!

Docstring in Python

  • Docstring in Python is an incredibly useful tool for developers.
  • Docstrings are added to a function or class to help explain what the code does.
  • By providing docstrings, developers can quickly decode and better understand the code they are writing or editing.
  • Docstrings also make it easier for other developers to work with the codebase by making its purpose more clear.
  • Furthermore, docstrings can even be used in automated testing of the code by providing information on what each portion of code should achieve, making it simpler and faster to test multiple components of a program at once.
  • For these reasons, docstring in Python is an invaluable tool for enhancing development efficiency and effectiveness.


def add(a, b):
    """Function to add the value of a and b"""
    return a+b

The "add" method in this block of Python code accepts two arguments, a and b, and returns their sum. As a docstring, the function's triple-quoted string acts as an explanation of the function. Finally, it uses the 'add.__doc__' command to output the docstring.


Function to add the value of a and b

How to Write Good Comments in Python?

  • Programming depends heavily on comments.
  • It's essential to develop your comment-writing skills.
  • Conciseness is crucial.
  • Avoid making general comments unless they offer insightful commentary.
  • Comments must describe the function or method's general functionality. 
  • Positive remarks don't need an explanation.
  • Avoid making redundant comments.

Use of Python Comment

Make the code simpler to comprehend:

  • Coding comments will make it simpler to refer to in the future.
  • Additionally, the code will be simpler for other developers to grasp.

Using Comments to Help with Debugging:

  • Instead of eliminating the line of code that results in the error if we encounter one when executing the program, we can remark it.

What Are the Advantages of Using Comments in Python?

Python comments offer a number of advantages. Their main advantages are:

  • Enables other programmers to comprehend the code with ease.
  • The code then makes sense on its own.
  • Helps in recalling the rationale for the use of a particular command, method, or function in the code.
  • Enables the interpreter to disregard certain code portions when doing tests.


1. What are some best practices for writing effective comments in Python?

The best Python comments are clear and succinct, and describe why (not what) the code accomplishes.

2. How can I ensure that my comments are consistent across my codebase?

Use code review procedures and develop commenting guidelines within your team to maintain uniformity.

3. Are there any tools or linters to help enforce commenting style?

Yes, software like Pylint and Flake8 can aid in upholding standards for commenting.

4. When should I use comments in Python code?

Use comments to explain intricate logic, describe classes and functions, and give non-obvious code context.


Python comments are very important. They help to explain what is going on in a program and can be used to prevent errors from happening. When you use comments, it is important to keep them up to date so that they accurately reflect the code. Creating comment-based documentation is a good way to make sure your code is easy to understand and maintain. If you prefer a structured learning approach, you may also consider Python certification, which provides comprehensive guidance and resources to help you master the language. Do you have any tips for creating effective comments? Share them with us in the comments section below!

About Author
Sakshi Dhameja (Author and Mentor)

She is passionate about different technologies like Java, Python, C, C++ etc. and likes to share knowledge with the developer community. She holds strong learning skills in keeping herself updated with the changing technologies in her area as well as other technologies like JavaScript and Cloud.

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